CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 for Class 10 and Class 12

Physics Wallah Academic Expert
December 07, 2023

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024: CBSE has released the CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 for Class 10 and 12 on its official website @cbseadacemic.nic.in. Interested candidates can refer to this article to know more about the CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024. This updated marking scheme is applicable for the 2023-24 academic year. A significant change in the marking scheme and examination format for CBSE class 12 board students is the extension of the board examination duration to 3 hours.

In this article, we discuss the CBSE marking scheme 2023-2024, highlight key points, discuss passing criteria, and assess the new policy. 

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Overview

The CBSE Marking Scheme for 2024 refers to the method through which the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will evaluate the performance of students in the Class 10 and Class 12 board exams scheduled for 2024. This marking scheme consists of two components for each subject, namely the theory and internal assessment.

Also Read:CBSE Class 10 Deleted Syllabus 2023-24 All Subjects Wise (Topics)

The primary purpose of the CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 is to thoroughly and impartially assess students' knowledge and abilities. Moreover, it is structured in accordance with global educational standards, ensuring alignment with international best practices in education. Check the table below for more details:

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Overview

Conducting Authority Central Board of Secondary Education
Category CBSE Exam Pattern 2022-23
Question pattern
  • 20% MCQs
  • 30% Competency-based questions
  • 50% Short answer/long answer questions
Maximum marks 100 (Theory + Practical)
Total duration 180 minutes

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10

The CBSE Class 10 Board Exam is usually held in February or March by the Central Board of Secondary Education. Just before the Class 10 board exams, CBSE shares a marking scheme to help students understand the exam format and how marks are given for each question. In this article, we provide the CBSE Class 10 Marking Scheme with chapter-wise weightage for all subjects. If you want to know how questions are asked and how marks are assigned, read the whole article.

It's important to note that for the academic year 2023-2024, CBSE has changed the format of the Class 10 exams. They've gone back to having a single annual exam covering the entire syllabus for each subject, without dividing it into terms, after scrapping the two-term system. Refer to the table below for more details:

Subject Total 100 marks (Class X- Syllabus only)
  80 Marks 20 Marks (Internal Assessment) Passing marks- 33% out in each subject
    Periodic Test Notebook Submission Subject Enrichment Activity
Language 1
Language 2
Science
Mathematics
Social Science
The board exams for every subject will have a maximum of 80 marks, covering everything from the class X syllabus. You'll get both marks and grades for each subject using a 9-point scale. During the academic year, there will be a maximum of three written tests for each subject. Your final marks will be an average of the best two test marks.

Here,

Regularity, Assignment Completion, and Neatness and upkeep of the notebook will be evaluated

Listening and Speaking Skills
Listening and Speaking Skills
Science Lab Practicals
Maths Lab Practicals
Map & Projects
6th Additional Subject In case a student opts for language as an additional subject, modalities defined for language one and two shall be followed

Competency-Based Assessment

Competency-focused inquiries will make up 30% of the total question set. This section is expected to include diagram-based questions and assertion and reasoning-based questions.

Objective-Type Questions

The objective-type questions may fall into the following categories:

  • Assertion and Reason questions

  • True and false questions

  • Fill-in-the-blank questions

  • Statement-based questions

  • Multiple-choice questions

  • Column Matching questions

Subjective Questions

The subjective questions encompass both long-form and short-form questions, primarily centred on conceptual and theoretical content. These questions will account for the highest proportion of 50% of the examination paper. Unlike the class 12 board examinations, the class 10 assessment will feature very brief, short, lengthy, and case-study-style questions.

Also Read: CBSE Board Exams 2024

Changes in CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2023 Class 10

The adjustments in the question paper format of CBSE show an increased emphasis on competency-based questions and multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Consequently, there will be fewer questions of the short and long answer type in comparison to previous years' examinations.

The Board is introducing potential modifications in the examination and assessment procedures for the academic session of 2023-24, aligning with the recommendations outlined in the National Education Policy (NEP) of 2020.

The key components of the CBSE 10th-grade examination pattern for 2024 are as follows:

  • Competency-focused questions, which may be in the form of MCQs, case-based questions, source-based integrated questions, or other similar types, will constitute 50% of the assessment.

  • Select response type questions, specifically MCQs, will account for 20% of the assessment.

  • Constructed response questions, including both short answer and long answer type questions, following the existing format, will make up 30% of the examination.

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10 Maths

This examination paper is divided into two main parts, Part A and Part B.

Part A:

  • Part A is further divided into two sections, Section I and Section II.

  • Section I comprises 16 questions, with the option of selecting 5 questions out of these.

  • Section II includes four case study-based questions, each containing 5 sub-parts based on different case scenarios. Out of the 5 sub-parts, candidates are required to attempt any 4.

Part B:

In Part B of the examination paper:

  • Questions 21 to 26 are designated as Very Short Answer Type questions, each carrying 2 marks.

  • Questions 27 to 33 are categorised as Short Answer Type questions, each worth 3 marks.

  • Questions 34 to 36 are considered as Long Answer Type questions, carrying 5 marks each.

  • Internal choice options are available for 2 questions with 2 marks each, 2 questions with 3 marks each, and 1 question with 5 marks.

Refer to the table below for more details:

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10 Maths

Type of Questions No. of Questions Marks
1 Mark 20 20 × 1= 20
2 Mark 5 5 × 2= 10
3 Mark 6 6× 3= 18
4 Mark 3 3 × 4= 12
5 Mark 4 5 × 4 = 20
Total 38 80

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10 Maths Subject-Wise Weightage

Here’s the subject-wise weightage of each of the chapters in CBSE class 10 maths:

Units Unit Name Marks
1 Number System 06
2 Algebra 20
3 Geometry 15
4 Coordinate Geometry 06
5 Trigonometry 12
6 Mensuration 10
7 Statistics & Probability 11
Total   80

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10 Science

The Science question paper consists of 27 questions and is organised into two sections, A and B. In Section A, there are 2 Very Short Answer (VSA) questions, each worth 1 mark, 3 Short Answer-I (SA-I) questions, each worth 2 marks, 10 Short Answer-II (SA-II) questions, each worth 3 marks, and 6 Long Answer (LA) questions, each worth 5 marks. Section A focuses on subject knowledge, while Section B contains 6 questions, each worth 2 marks, and is based on practical knowledge. Check the table below for more details:

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10 Science

Type of Questions No. of Questions Marks
1 Mark 20 20 × 1= 20
2 Marks 6 6 × 2= 12
3 Marks 7 7× 3= 21
4 Marks 3 3 × 4= 12
5 Marks 3 5 × 3 = 15
Total 39 80
Internal assessment - 20

Also Read: Sample Paper Class 12 CBSE 2023-24-Solutions and Additional Practice Questions

CBSE Class 10 Science 2023-24: Topic-wise Weightage 

Unit and Topic Weightage (Marks)
Unit 1: Chemical Substances: Nature and Behaviour 25
Unit 2: World of Living 25
Unit 3: Natural Phenomena 12
Unit 4: Effects of Current 13
Unit 5: Natural Resources 5
TOTAL MARKS (THEORY) 80
TOTAL MARKS (INTERNAL ASSESSMENT) 20
GRAND TOTAL 100

Key Points to Keep in Mind Regarding the CBSE Class 10 Science Marking Scheme:

  • The theory paper is scored out of 80 marks.

  • Internal assessment contributes 20 marks to the total.

  • The total number of questions is divided into five sections.

  • Students have 3 hours to complete the science theory paper.

  • Questions in the paper are of 1, 2, 3, or 5 marks.

  • The questions encompass various formats, including objective, very short answer, assertion-reason based, short answer, and descriptive types.

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10 Social Science

The Social Science question paper will include questions related to theoretical concepts and map-related skills. You can review the 2024 CBSE Class 10 exam pattern for Social Science for more information.

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10 Science

Type of Questions No. of Questions Total Marks
1 Mark Questions 20 20
2 Mark Questions 4 8
3 Mark Questions 5 15
5 Mark Questions 5 25
4 Mark Questions 3 12
Total 37 80

CBSE 10th Exam Pattern for Social Science- Internal Assessment

Internal Assessment Marks
Periodic Assessment 10
Subject Enrichment Activity 5
Portfolio 5
Total Marks 20

Also Read:CBSE Board Exams 2024 Date Sheet, Sample Paper, Syllabus, Marking Scheme

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10 English

For CBSE Class 10 English, the total marks consist of 80 marks for the final exam and 20 marks for Internal Assessment. The question paper will be divided into three parts, covering reading, writing/grammar, and literature. The total time allowed for the exam is 3 hours. The questions in the exam will vary in type, including objective, very short answer, short answer, and descriptive questions. Check the table below for more details:

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 10 English

Section Topics Weightage
1 Reading Skills 20
2 Writing Skills with Grammar 20
3 English Literature (Ques from textbooks) 40
Total   80
Internal Assessment (Based on Assignments & Projects) - 20
Total - 100

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12

We've already reviewed the general highlights and summary of the CBSE circular for the 2022-23 session. Now, let's discuss the detailed marking scheme for class 12 board examinations. It's worth noting that the same pattern will be applied in class 11 examinations conducted by individual schools. Check the table below for more details:

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12

Particulars Details
Conducting Body Central Board of Secondary Education
Question Paper Pattern
  • MCQs - 20%

  • Competency-based questions in the form of case-based questions, source-based questions, or any other types - 30%

  • Short answer/long answer type questions- 50%

Duration 3 hours
Mode Offline
Number of subjects 5 or 6 (as elected by the student)
Maximum Marks

100 (theory + practical)

  • 80 marks theory + 20 marks Project works for Commerce subjects (Accountancy, Business Studies & Economics) 

  • 70 marks for theory +30 marks for practical for Physics, Chemistry & Biology 

  • 80 marks Maths written exam + 20 marks internal assessment

Passing marks for each subject 33%
Passing marks for the overall exam Aggregate 33%

Competency-Based Questions

A significant portion, 40% of the questions, will be competency-based. The objective of competency-based education (CBE) is to assess students' mastery of specific competencies within each subject. These questions may take the form of multiple-choice questions, case-based queries, source-based integrated questions, or other types. They might also be integrated into case-based or source-based inquiries.

Objective-Type Questions

Approximately 20% of the questions will fall into the category of objective-type questions. These include sub-categories like:

  • Assertion and Reason questions

  • True and false questions

  • Fill-up questions

  • Statement questions

  • Multiple-choice questions

  • Column Matching questions

Subjective Type Questions

40% of the questions will be subjective in nature, requiring either short or long answers. Generally, CBSE will not pose open-ended questions with very brief responses. Instead, the majority of subjective questions will be of the short or long answer type.

Class 12 Passing Criteria

Having understood the CBSE marking scheme for class 12, let's now explore the passing criteria, which applies to all subjects.

The passing requirements for CBSE class 12 remain consistent with previous standards. To pass:

  • A student must secure at least 33% overall.

  • A minimum of 33% in both theory and practical papers is mandatory.

  • The total marks obtained should be a minimum of 33% of the maximum attainable.

  • If a student achieves 33% overall but falls short of 33% in any particular subject, they must take a compartment test.

  • The combined score is calculated from the results of theory and practical papers.

  • Grace points are awarded on a scale of two to five as part of the evaluation process.

Also Read: CBSE Class 10 Pre Board Sample Papers 2023-24: Download Subject-Wise PDF

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Maths

In CBSE Class 12 Mathematics, the theoretical component accounts for 80 marks, while the internal assessment contributes 30 marks. The examination pattern and marking scheme for each chapter in CBSE Class 12 Mathematics are detailed as follows.

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Maths

Topic Marks
Relations & Functions 08
Calculus 35
Algebra 10
Vectors & 3-Dimensional Geometry 14
Linear Programming 05
Probability 08

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Physics

In CBSE Class 12 Physics, the theoretical component accounts for a total of 70 marks, while the practical component constitutes the remaining 30 marks. The CBSE Class 12 Physics chapter-wise examination pattern and the marking scheme are detailed as follows.

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Physics

Topics 

Marks 

Unit 1: Electrostatics
Unit 2: Current Electricity 

16

Unit 3: Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism
Unit 4: Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Currents 

17

Unit 5: Electromagnetic Waves
Unit 6: Optics 

18

Unit 7: Dual Nature of Radiation & Matter
Unit 8: Atoms & Nuclei

12

Unit 9: Electronic Devices 

7

Practicals 

2 experiments 1 from each section 

7+7

Practical record 

5

1 activity from any section 

3

Investigatory project 

3

Viva 

5

Also Read: CBSE Sample Papers 2023-2024 Class 10 With Solutions

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Chemistry

In Chemistry, the theoretical section carries a weightage of 70 marks, while the remaining 30 marks are designated for practical assessments. The following table presents the CBSE class 12 exam pattern for Chemistry chapters and the associated marking scheme.

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Chemistry

Topics 

Marks 

Solutions 

7

Electrochemistry 

9

Chemical Kinetics 

7

d -and f- block elements 

7

Coordination Compounds 

7

Haloalkanes & Haloarenes

6

Alcohol, Phenols & Ethers 

6

Aldehydes, Ketones & Carboxylic Acids 

8

Amines 

6

Biomolecules 

7

Practicals 

Volumetric Analysis 

8

Salt Analysis 

8

Content-Based Experiment 

6

Project 

4

Class record & viva 

4

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Biology

In CBSE Class 12 Biology, the theoretical section carries a weightage of 70 marks, while the practical component accounts for the remaining 30 marks. The following table illustrates the CBSE Class 12 Biology chapter-wise exam pattern and the marking scheme:

 

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Biology

Topics 

Marks 

Reproduction 

16

Genetics & Evolution 

20 

Biology & Human Welfare 

12

Biotechnology & its Applications 

12

Ecology & Environment 

10

Practical 

1 major experiment 

5

1 minor experiment 

4

Slide preparation 

5

Spotting 

7

Practical record + viva voce 

4

Project record + viva voce 

5

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Accounting

The theoretical section carries a total of 80 marks, which is split into Part A worth 60 marks and Part B worth 20 marks. The practical portion accounts for a total of 20 marks and falls under Part C. The class 12 accountancy exam pattern and the marking scheme are structured according to the topics as follows:

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Accounting

Topic 

Marks 

Part A: Accounting for Partnership Firms & Companies

Unit 1: Accounting for Partnership Firms
Unit 2: Accounting for Companies 

36
24

Part B: Financial Statement Analysis 

Unit 3: Analysis of Financial Statements
Unit 4: Cash Flow Statement 

12
08

OR 

 

Part B: Computerised Accounting 

20

Part C: Project work which includes:
Project file
Written test (1 hour)
Viva voce


04
12
04

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Business Studies

The theory section is split into two segments, each carrying 40 marks. The remaining 20 marks are allocated to the project work. In the case of Business Studies, the chapter-wise examination pattern and topic-based marking scheme are outlined as follows.

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Business Studies

Topic 

Marks 

Part A: Principles & Function of Management

 

  • Nature & Significance of Management 

  • Principles of Management 

  • Business Environment 

16

  • Planning 

  • Organising

  • Staffing 

14

  • Directing 

  • Controlling

20

Part B: Business Finance & Marketing

 

  • Financial Management 

  • Financial Markets

15

  • Marketing Management 

  • Consumer Protection

15

Project 

20 

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 Economics

The theoretical component holds a total value of 80 marks, which is evenly distributed between two parts. The practical component accounts for a total of 20 marks. For Class 12 Economics, the CBSE examination pattern and topic-wise marking scheme for individual chapters are as follows:

 

CBSE Class 12 Economics Exam Pattern 2024

Topic 

Marks 

Part A: Introductory Macroeconomics 

  • National Income & Related Aggregate 

  • Money & Banking 

  • Determination of Income & Employment 

  • Government Budget & Economy 

  • Balance of Payments

10
06
12
06
06

Part B: Indian Economic Development 

  • Development Experience (1947-90) & Economic Reforms since 1991

  • Current Challenges facing the Indian Economy

  • Development Experience of India- A Comparison with Neighbours

28
50
12

Project 

20 

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 English (Core)

The Class 12 English paper is structured to encompass sections covering reading skills, creative writing, literature, and assessments. The allocation of marks for each section is provided below:

 

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 Class 12 English (Core):

Topics 

Marks 

Reading Skills 

20

Creative Writing Skills 

20

Literature Textbooks & Supplementary Reading Texts 

40

Assessment of Listening & Speaking Skills 

10

Internal assessment:

  • Listening 

  • Speaking 

  • Project work 


5
5
10

CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-2024 FAQs

Q1: What is the CBSE marking scheme for Class 10 in 2023-2024?

A: The CBSE marking scheme for Class 10 in 2023-2024 will be 80 marks for the theory paper and 20 marks for internal assessment.

Q2: What is the CBSE marking scheme for Class 12 in 2023-2024?

A: The CBSE marking scheme for Class 12 in 2023-2024 is the same as for Class 10, with 80 marks for the theory paper and 20 marks for internal assessment.

Q3: How are internal marks awarded in the CBSE marking scheme?

A: Internal marks are awarded for a variety of activities, such as class tests, homework, projects, and practical work. The specific criteria for awarding internal marks vary from subject to subject.

Q4: How can I improve my chances of getting good marks in the CBSE board exams?

A: There are a number of things you can do to improve your chances of getting good marks in the CBSE board exams, such as studying regularly, solving previous year's question papers, and practising answering questions under timed conditions.

Q5: What are some common mistakes to avoid in the CBSE board exams?

A: Some common mistakes to avoid in the CBSE board exams include not reading the instructions carefully, not attempting all the questions, and not managing your time effectively.

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