NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2: Federalism

Physics Wallah Academic Expert
July 04, 2024

Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2: Federalism:- NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 provides a detailed explanation of how power can be distributed to accommodate linguistic and regional diversities. After studying this chapter, students will encounter questions related to the content. To assist them, we offer comprehensive NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 – Federalism. These solutions, prepared by subject experts, include answers to all the exercise questions. They also guide students in developing effective answer-writing skills.

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 – Federalism

Exercises Page No. 27

1. Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa.

Answer. 

  1. Green – Sikkim

  2. Blue – Manipur

  3. Orange – Chhattisgarh

  4. Red – Goa

2. Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.

Answer. 

  1. South Africa

  2. Pakistan

  3. Australia

3. Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.

Answer. A feature of federalism in India that is similar to Belgium is the power-sharing arrangement between the central government and the state governments.

A feature of federalism in India that differs from Belgium is that India does not have a community government, whereas Belgium has implemented this system.

Also, check CBSE Class 10 Previous Year Papers

4. What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.

Answer. 

Federal Form

Unitary Form

There is a sharing of power between union and state governments.

The power is centralized with the union government, and there is no role of state governments.

Example: India (India is a federal country with a union government at the centre, state governments at the state level, and Panchayati Raj at the local level.)

Example: Sri Lanka (The national government has centralized control.)

5. State any two differences between the local government before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992.

Answer.

Local Government Pre-1992

Local Government Post Constitutional Amendment 1992

Elections to these local governments were not held regularly.

It is now constitutionally mandated to hold regular elections to local government bodies.

Local governments did not have any powers or resources of their own.

State governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies, with the nature of sharing varying from state to state.

6. Fill in the blanks:

Since the United States is a ___________________ type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are ______________vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a _____________________ type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the ____________ government has more powers.

Answer. Since the United States is a coming-together type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are strong vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a holding together type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the central government has more powers.

7. Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.

Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity.

Arman: the Language-based States have divided us by making everyone conscious of their language.

Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages.

Answer. Sangeeta's mention of the policy of accommodation accurately reflects India's approach to its language policy. This inclusive policy has helped maintain national unity among states with diverse languages. Without such an approach, several states might have considered secession from the country.

8. The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:

The national government gives some powers to the provincial governments.

Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.

Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.

Governmental power is divided between different levels of government

Answer.

d. Governmental power is divided between different levels of government

9. A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian Constitution are given here. Group them under the Union, State and Concurrent Lists as provided in the table below.

Defence

Police

Agriculture

Education

Banking

Forests

Communications

Trade

Marriages

Union List

   

State List

   

Concurrent List

   

Answer.

Union List

Defence

Communications

Banking

State List

Police

Agriculture

Trade

Concurrent List

Education

Forests

Marriages

10. Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

State government

State List

Central government

Union List

Central and State governments

Concurrent List

Local governments

Residuary powers

Answer.

Local government's; Residuary powers

11. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I

List-II

Union of India

Prime Minister

State

Sarpanch

Municipal Corporation

Governor

Gram Panchayat

Mayor

Answer.

List-I

List-II

Union of India

Prime Minister

State

Governor

Municipal Corporation

Mayor

Gram Panchayat

Sarpanch

12. Consider the following two statements.

In a federation, the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated.

India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.

Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.

India is no longer a federation because some powers of the States have been devolved to the local government bodies.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

A, B and C

A, C and D

A and B only

B and C only

Answer. 

(c) A and B only

Federalism Summary

Chapter 2 of NCERT Social Science Civics textbook – Democratic Politics-II will introduce students to federalism, which is a power-sharing system between two or more levels of the government. In India, federalism exists. The power is divided amongst three levels – union government, state government and local government. Students will learn the basics of federalism in India with special mention of decentralisation. The local government called the ‘Panchayati Raj’ will be discussed.

The students will also get to know about the following topics:

What is federalism?

What makes India a federal country?

How is federalism practised?

a. Language policy

b. Centre-State relation

Check out: Class 10th Question Banks

Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2: Federalism FAQs

Q1. What is federalism?

Ans. Federalism is a system of governance where power is divided between a central authority (union government) and constituent political units (state governments or provinces). It allows for shared governance while respecting regional diversity.

Q2. How does federalism work in India?

Ans. In India, federalism is practiced through the distribution of powers between the union government (central government), state governments, and local governments (Panchayati Raj institutions and Municipalities). Each level of government has its own sphere of authority as defined in the Constitution.

Q3. What makes India a federal country?

Ans. India is considered federal due to the division of powers between the union and state governments as specified in the Constitution. Both levels of government have their own responsibilities and areas of jurisdiction, which they exercise independently.

Q4. What is the role of Panchayati Raj in federalism in India?

Ans. Panchayati Raj institutions represent local self-government in rural areas. They play a crucial role in decentralizing power and promoting grassroots democracy. 

Q5. How does federalism promote unity in a diverse country like India?

Ans. Federalism accommodates regional and linguistic diversity by allowing states to govern certain aspects of their own affairs. This decentralized approach helps in addressing local needs and aspirations, thereby fostering unity within the framework of a unified nation.

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