States and Capitals of India 2024, Check 28 States and 8 UT List

Physics Wallah Academic Expert
May 07, 2024

States and Capitals of India

India is a huge country in South Asia, ranking 7th globally in size. It's divided into 28 states and 8 union territories, each with its main city. These are further divided into smaller areas called districts. New Delhi, located in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is where the country's administrative, political, and cultural center.

The states and capitals of India make up a colorful map, showing the nation's diverse cultures, traditions, and new ideas. Exploring these places is like traveling through time, seeing both old and new, traditional and modern, and it shows how India stays strong despite its differences.

In 1956, India changed its states to match the languages spoken there. Now, it has 28 states and 8 union territories, with over 400 cities. Eight of these cities, like Kolkata, Mumbai, and New Delhi, are big and bustling. The Prime Minister wants to make 100 cities in India 'smart cities', with Indore already winning this title four times.

Check Out: Our Books

List of States and Capitals of India

India has 28 states and 8 union territories. Each state makes India's culture more colorful and lively. Let's take a look at the 28 Indian states and their capitals along with their governor and CM.

S.No.

State

Capital

Governor

CM

1

Andhra Pradesh

Amaravati

Biswa Bhusan Harichandan

YS Jagan Mohan Reddy

2

Arunachal Pradesh

Itanagar

B. D. Mishra

Pema Khandu

3

Assam

Dispur

Jagdish Mukhi

Himanta Biswa Sarma

4

Bihar

Patna

Phagu Chauhan

Nitish Kumar

5

Chhattisgarh

Raipur

Sushri Anusuiya Uikey

Vishnu Deo Sai

6

Goa

Panaji

P.S. Sreedharan Pillai

Pramod Sawant

7

Gujarat

Gandhinagar

Acharya Dev Vrat

Bhupendra Patel

8

Haryana

Chandigarh

Bandaru Dattatraya

Nayab Singh Saini

9

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar

Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu

10

Jharkhand

Ranchi

Ramesh Bais

Champai Soren

11

Karnataka

Bengaluru

Thaawarchand Gehlot

Siddaramaiah

12

Kerala

Thiruvananthapuram

Arif Mohammed Khan

Pinarayi Vijayan

13

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel

Mohan Yadav

14

Maharashtra

Mumbai

Ramesh Bais

Eknath Shinde

15

Manipur

Imphal

La. Ganesan

N. Biren Singh

16

Meghalaya

Shillong

Brig. (Dr.) B. D. Mishra

Conrad Kongkal Sangma

17

Mizoram

Aizawl

Kambhampati Haribabu

Lalduhoma

18

Nagaland

Kohima

Jagdish Mukhi

Neiphiu Rio

19

Odisha

Bhubaneswar

Ganeshi Lal

Naveen Patnaik

20

Punjab

Chandigarh

Banwarilal Purohit

Bhagwant Singh Mann

21

Rajasthan

Jaipur

Kalraj Mishra

Bhajan Lal Sharma

22

Sikkim

Gangtok

Ganga Prasad

PS Golay

23

Tamil Nadu

Chennai

R. N. Ravi

M. K. Stalin

24

Telangana

Hyderabad

Tamilisai Soundararajan

Anumula Revanth Reddy

25

Tripura

Agartala

Satyadeo Narain Arya

Dr. Manik Saha

26

Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow

Anandiben Patel

Yogi Aditya Nath

27

Uttarakhand

Dehradun

Lt. Gen. Gurmit Singh

Pushkar Singh Dhami

28

West Bengal

Kolkata

Dr. C.V. Ananda Bose

Mamata Banerjee

States and Capitals of India Specialities

Every capital city has its special things that make it famous. For example, Delhi has old buildings mixed with new ones, while Mumbai is famous for movies and money. Each place has something interesting to offer, and together they make up the diverse and vibrant map of India. Check out the States and Capitals of India Famous For from the below table:- 

State

Famous

Delhi

Known for its famous buildings like India Gate and the Istana, showing the country's past and future.

Gujarat

Famous for its big factories, the huge Rann of Kutch desert, fun festivals like Navaratri, and the old Sabarmati Ashram linked to Mahatma Gandhi.

Goa

Famous for its beautiful beaches, fun parties, mix of Indian and Portuguese cultures, and tasty seafood.

Chhattisgarh

Known for its tribal culture, valuable rocks under the ground, and the huge Chitrakote Waterfall, like India’s Niagara Falls.

Arunachal Pradesh

Famous for its beautiful natural sights, many different tribal groups, and the big Tawang Monastery.

Kerala

Known for its pretty views, old health treatments, and good schools.

Himachal Pradesh

Famous for its peaceful mountains, exciting things to do, and the Dalai Lama living there.

Bihar

Known for its old cities like Patliputra, special places for Buddhists like Bodh Gaya, and the nice Madhubani art.

Jharkhand

Known for its valuable rocks, celebrating local culture, and the pretty Betla National Park.

Maharashtra

Known for Bollywood movies, special places like the Gateway of India, and tasty street food like Vada Pav.

Karnataka

Known as the ‘Silicon Valley of India’ for its computer companies, and special places like Hampi and Bharatanatyam dance.

Assam

Famous for its big tea farms, special animals like the one-horned rhinoceros, fun Bihu dances, and making silk cloth.

Andhra Pradesh

Known for its spicy food, and special places like the Charminar and Golconda Fort in Hyderabad.

Manipur

Famous for its different dances, big Loktak Lake, and fun festivals.

Haryana

Known for its farming and factories, Chandigarh is a city known for its good planning and nice buildings.

Indian Union Territories and Capitals

Indian Union Territories, distinct from states, hold their own significance in the country's administrative and cultural landscape. Unlike states, which have their own governments, Union Territories are directly governed by the central administration.  Check out Indian Union Territories and Capitals from the below table:- 

S.No.

Union Territory

Capital

Chief Minister

Lt. Governor

1

Andaman and Nicobar Island

Port Blair

NA

D K Joshi

2

Chandigarh

Chandigarh

NA

Banwarilal Purohit

3

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

Daman

NA

Praful Patel

4

Delhi

Delhi

Arvind Kejriwal

Vinai Kumar Saxena

5

Ladakh

NA

NA

Radha Krishna Mathur

6

Lakshadweep

Kavaratti

NA

Praful Patel

7

Jammu and Kashmir

NA

NA

Manoj Sinha

8

Puducherry

Pondicherry

N. Rangaswamy

Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan

States and Capitals of India Languages

In India, many different languages are spoken across the country. Each region you visit may have its own unique language. The government and schools pay special attention to 22 of these languages, known as "scheduled languages." Check out scheduled languages for states from the below table:- 

S. No.

States

Language

1

Andhra Pradesh

Telugu and Urdu

2

Arunachal Pradesh

Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin, Adi, Honpa, Banging-Nishi

3

Assam

Assamese

4

Bihar

Hindi

5

Chhattisgarh

Hindi

6

Goa

Marathi Konkani

7

Gujarat

Gujarati

8

Haryana

Hindi

9

Himachal Pradesh

Hindi and Pahari

10

Jharkhand

Hindi

11

Karnataka

Kannada

12

Kerala

Malayalam

13

Madhya Pradesh

Hindi

14

Maharashtra

Marathi

15

Manipur

Manipuri

16

Meghalaya

Khashi, Jaintia, and Garo

17

Mizoram

Mizo and English

18

Nagaland

Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema, and Lotha

19

Odisha

Oriya

20

Punjab

Punjabi

21

Rajasthan

Rajasthani and Hindi

22

Sikkim

Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu

23

Tamil Nadu

Tamil

24

Telangana

Telugu

25

Tripura

Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak

26

Uttar Pradesh

Hindi

27

Uttarakhand

Hindi

28

West Bengal

Bengali

States and Capitals of India FAQs

Q1. What is the total number of states and capitals in India?

Ans. India comprises 28 states and their respective capitals.

Q2. How many Union Territories are there in India?

Ans. India has 8 Union Territories, each with its own capital.

Q3. Which state has the most populous capital city in India?

Ans. The most populous capital city in India is Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra.

Q4. Which Indian state has the largest area?

Ans. Rajasthan is the largest state in India by area.

Q5. Which state is known as the "Land of Five Rivers"?

Ans. Punjab is known as the "Land of Five Rivers" due to its five major rivers.

This site uses cookies to improve your experience. By clicking, you agree to our Privacy Policy.